Types and Causes of Foot Pain | Physiotherapy

Foot Pain

What is foot pain?

Foot pain is often affected by abnormal foot function. Your feet support weight once you stand and assist you to get where you would like to travel due to this, foot pain is common. Foot pain mentions to any pain or anxiety in one or more parts of the foot, like the following:

  • Toes
  • High heel shoes
  • Arches
  • Soles

Pain can range from mild to severe and should be short-lived or an ongoing problem. Many steps can help relieve pain in your foot.

Types of foot pain

Heel pain

  • Pain in the heel of the foot is often due to plantar fasciitis, which is an inflammation of the band of tissue connecting the heel bone to the toes. The pain is usually worse in the morning and is felt in the heel or the arch of the foot.
  • Heel spurs are an additional cause of foot pain. These are irregular bone growths on the bottom of the heel. They can be caused by trying ill-fitting shoes, poor bearing, irregular gait, or intense exercise.
  • Stone bruises are deep bruises on the fat pad of the heel or ball of the foot. Usually caused by an impact injury, stone bruises may also be caused by stepping on a hard object.
  • Heel fractures are another cause of foot pain that began by an effect injury. Heel pain, bruising, swelling, or difficulty walking are the main symptoms of a heel fracture. They are commonly caused by falls or car accidents.

Ball of the foot pain

Metatarsalgia is a condition that causes pain and inflammation in the ball of the foot. Shoes that do not fit properly are the common cause. Overactivity may also cause metatarsalgia.

  • Morton’s neuroma may be a thickening of the tissue around the nerves between the bases of the toes (usually between the third and fourth toes). Symptoms include pain, strange sensations, or numbness within the ball of the foot. It is often caused by tight or high-heeled shoes.
  • Sesamoiditis may be a condition during which the sesamoids (two bones within the great toe connected by tendons) become injured and inflamed. it’s a standard foot injury among dancers and ballet runners.

Arch pain

  • Plantar fasciitis is the commonest explanation for arch pain. Plantar fasciitis can affect the heel or arch.
  • Fallen arches, or flat feet, is another painful condition during which the arch flattens when standing or walking.

Toe pain

  • Gout may be an explanation for toe pain that sometimes affects the large toe. It’s a kind of arthritis during which crystal deposits form within the joints of the toes, causing pain and swelling.
  • Bunions are a bony strain along the sting of the foot at rock bottom of the large toe. This condition is caused by a misalignment of the joint of the primary toe.
  • Hammertoe is when the second, third, or fourth finger bends upward at the center joint, creating a hammer-like shape.
  • Claw toe may be a condition during which the finger points up or down and can’t be straightened. Nerve damage is usually the cause, especially from diabetes or alcoholism.
  • Ingrown toenails occur when the skin grows over the side of the nail. This will cause pain and is susceptible to infection.
  • Turf toe is when there’s pain at the bottom of the large toe, possibly caused by a sesamoid injury or fracture.
  • A toe sprain can occur when a toe is stuck or beaten. A toe fracture can occur in any of the finger bones and should require surgery.
  • A toe fracture or broken bone can occur in either toe. It’s important to go to a healthcare provider to ascertain if it’s a minor or severe fracture.
  • Hallux rigidus may be a sort of arthritis. Pain and stiffness occur within the great toe joint which will get progressively worse.
  • Corns are thick, hard skin created by a neighborhood of irritation on the foot or toe. Shoes that do not fit are often the cause.
  • A fracture within the small bones found within the tendons attached to the large toe is understood as a sesamoid fracture.

Causes of foot pain

Foot pain can occur thanks to certain lifestyle choices or a medical condition. Common causes include:

Lifestyle choices

One of the most causes of foot pain is wearing shoes that do not fit well. Wearing high heels can often cause foot pain because they put great pressure on the toes.

You can also develop foot pain if you’re injured during high-impact exercise or sports activities, like jogging or vigorous aerobics.

Common medical problems

Several medical problems are closely related to foot pain.

Your feet are especially vulnerable to pain that happens thanks to arthritis. There are 33 joints within the foot and arthritis can affect any of them.

Diabetes mellitus also can cause complications and various foot disorders. People with diabetes are more likely to:

  • Nerve damage within the feet
  • Clogged or hardened arteries within the legs and feet
  • Ulcers or sores on the feet

You are also at higher risk for foot pain if:

  • Are overweight or obese
  • Are pregnant
  • Have a foot injury like a sprain, fracture, or tendonitis

Other possible causes of foot pain include:

  • Calluses
  • Bunions
  • Warts
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Medicines that cause swelling of the feet
  • Morton’s neuroma, which may be thickening around the nervous tissue between the toes near the ball of the foot
  • Hammer’s fingers
  • Athlete’s foot
  • Haglund’s deformity, which is an enlargement of the rear of the heel bone
  • Peripheral arterial disease (PAD)
  • Fallen bows
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Gout, which especially affects the large toe near the ball of the foot

Risk factors for foot pain

Other risk factors are:

Certain jobs: Some jobs can increase the danger of injury, like construction. Other problems are often thanks to repetitive use at work, like within the food industry.

Sports: People that do high-impact exercises are in danger of developing plantar fasciitis, heel spurs, sesamoiditis, Achilles tendinopathy, and stress fractures.

Smoking: Smoking delays healing. this will cause foot problems that become painful because they are doing not heal properly.

Certain health problems, such as:

Diabetes: People with diabetes are in danger of serious foot infections thanks to poor circulation.

Obesity: People that are overweight put more pressure on their feet. This also increases the danger of injury to the foot or ankle.

Other health problems: People with osteoarthritis, atrophic arthritis, gout, and a few inherited abnormalities also are in danger of foot pain.

Symptoms of foot pain

Pain and tenderness at one point are the immediate indicators that something is wrong during a specific area. There can also be swelling, redness (erythema), bruising (ecchymosis), numbness/tingling, and localized shooting pains within the injured area. The onset of pain, either suddenly or over time, is a crucial indicator of the explanation for the matter. the subsequent questions also are important.

  • Is there pain with the undertaking of the affected area?
  • Are you impacted by weight-bearing?
  • Does your movement change once you walk?

The bones of the foot are joined by ligaments. A sprain occurs when the ligaments that hold the bones together are overstretched and therefore the fibers break. Point tenderness and looseness of a joint are often indicators of a sprain. Ligament injury is usually amid a sense of instability when walking or exercising.

Injury to the bones of the foot is often caused by one blow or twisting of the arch or by repetitive trauma which will end in a fatigue fracture. There could also be a distinguishable bulge or gap at the location of a fracture. The fracture could also be amid the dislocation of the affected joints. In such circumstances, joint alignments are disrupted additionally to an opportunity within the bone. Fracture and displacement are common causes of post-traumatic arthritis. this is often thanks to a further injury to the articular cartilage.

Muscles and ligaments allow movement of the foot in various instructions. A strain occurs when a muscle or group of muscles is strained to the purpose where the muscle fibers are torn. The muscles and tendons of the foot can become stressed from overstretching, overuse, overuse, bruising, or maybe laceration.

Weakness in contracting a joint, difficulty in stabilizing parts of the body, and pain that works against resistance are signs of muscle problems. Swelling, tenderness, loss of function, and discoloration on and around the injury are often symptoms and signs of a strain.

Bruises (contusions) are usually the results of an immediate impact injury to the body. A bruise can occur on the foot from a spread of causes, like stepping on the foot or stepping on a rock. Crashes to the foot that cause pain, discoloration, puffiness, and changes within the way you walk may indicate more serious damage, like a broken bone.

The pain and tenderness related to plantar fascia strains are typically felt on the only of the foot between the heel and therefore the base of the toes. Plantar fascia pain may increase or decrease because the arch is stretched. In mild cases of plantar fasciitis, the pain will decrease because the soft tissues of the foot “warm-up”; however, pain can increase as the use of the foot increases.

In additional severe cases of plantar fasciitis, pain can increase when the arch is stressed. Often the person affected by plantar fasciitis will feel pain within the morning until the plantar fascia warms up. Foot pain in the dark is often a symbol of plantar fasciitis, also as other possible problems. Plantar fasciitis can cause a shift within the weight-bearing surface to stop the pain, which may cause compensatory pain within the other areas of the heel.

A rubbing or burning sensation on the surface of the foot is typically the primary sign of a blister. Stinging and burning sensations between the toes or around the foot indicate a skin infection or tinea pedis. Pain and redness at the sting of the toenail are usually the results of an onyxis.

A risk factor is some things that increase your chances of getting an ill-health. An individual can have foot pain with or without those listed below. The probabilities of getting foot pain are higher in people that have tons of it.

Foot pain is more mutual in children and older adults. Women can also be at higher risk of wearing high heels.

Treatment for foot pain

Treatment of your condition depends on the cause.

For some people, something as simple as shoe inserts can provide great relief. they’re available over the counter or by prescription. people may need:

  • A cast
  • Wart removal
  • Surgery
  • Physical therapy

Prevention of foot pain

Follow the following pointers to assist prevent ongoing foot pain:

  • Choose shoes that are comfortable, spacious, and well-padded
  • Escape shoes with high heels and sharp toes
  • Keep a healthy weight
  • Stretch before vigorous exercise
  • Practice good foot hygiene
  • Always wear shoes when outdoors to guard your feet

Although foot pain is common, it’s not a traditional a part of life. you must seek medical help if you’ve got foot pain that doesn’t resolution after every week or two of home treatment.

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