What is a hamstring strain?
A hamstring strain occurs when you strain or pull on one of the hamstrings, a group of three muscles that run along the back of the thigh. If you play soccer, basketball, soccer, tennis, or any other sport that involves spring with abrupt stops and starts, you may have a tendon injury. A hamstring strain can also occur in runners and dancers. Mild tendon strains can feel like a dull ache in the back of the leg, while severe tendon muscle strains or tears can be very painful and may prevent the patient from standing or walking.
Popping sensation in the back or lower back of the thigh during exercise and sudden pain are good indications of tension in the tendon. If the pain is aggravated by walking, bending, or straightening the leg, it is a sign of a tendon strain. Self-care measures such as rest, ice, and over-the-counter pain relievers are often needed to relieve pain and inflammation associated with a tendon injury. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to repair a hamstring muscle.
Understanding the Hamstring:
The hamstring is a bundled muscle cord that runs across the back of the upper thigh and runs like a seam along with the knee and down the back of the ankle. That spike at the back of the ankle is actually the ligament that connects to the heel when the feet are bent. To understand what the tendon does and why it is so important, think of it as a string in a puppet.
It runs on the back of the leg so that when you want to bend the knee or point the toe, the body just pulls the puppet-like puppet wire. As the tension increases, the joints bend in response and the leg twists. Then when the ligament is loose, your leg is straight and relaxed. However, damage to your hamstring can also affect your ability to control your leg or cause a lot of pain.
How a hamstring strain occurs?
As with all muscles, the tendon must warm up before it can be stretched when you exercise. It works well for sitting, standing, and walking every day, but with more intense physical activity you can go too far, too fast. Running, especially in spring with big strides, can often put a strain on the tendon, but the most dangerous activity for a warm-up tendon is rapidly changing direction on the balls of your feet, lungs, or jumping for something.
All of these activities require the use of a spring that stretches the tendon too long and pulls back. In good condition, it will give you more strength and speed, but instead of a cool or comfortable enough tendon, it will tear very painfully. Not just how strong the tears will be, how painful the injury will be, but how long you will be on the ground resting on your newly injured leg.
Symptoms of a hamstring strain
Most people with severe hamstring stress experience some of the following:
- Sharp pain: When an injury occurs, there may be a sudden, sharp pain in the back of the thigh or buttocks.
- Sound or feeling of “pop”: This sudden pain sometimes causes a sensation in the leg along with an audible or tactile “pop.”
- Difficulty to move and bear the weight: After a tendon injury, it is difficult or impossible to continue the activity. The person can also walk normally, get up from a sitting position, or go downstairs. Patients with severe tendon injury also have a “tight leg” gait with a marked limp.
- Bruising: You may experience bruising or discolouration on the back of your leg, as well as muscle weakness or an inability to put weight on your injured leg.
- Swelling and deformity: In cases where there is a complete tear of the muscle-tendon junction (myotendon rupture), there may be injuries along with obvious defects such as a muscle bulge under the skin.
- Pain and discomfort: When sitting In avulsion-type and proximal tendon injuries, the tendon detaches from the pelvis, and patients often experience pain and discomfort when sitting.
Other symptoms that you may notice if you already have a hamstring strain include pain in your back and lower buttock thigh when you use your leg, tenderness when it is damaged, and injuries that appear when your leg is trying to help build up. blood and muscles.
Causes of a hamstring strain
The ligament muscles are a group of three muscles that run from the back of the thigh to the bottom of the knee. These muscles allow the leg to extend behind the body and bend the knee. The injury occurs, when these hamstring muscles become strained, walking or regular movement can become difficult or even impossible.
You might encounter a pulled hamstring in the following cases:
- Sudden stops and starts in your exercise routine or lifestyle placing undue stress on your muscles
- Working out without stretching or warming up properly beforehand
- Overexertion in activities that involve lots of running, jumping, or sudden changes in direction
- Stretching further than your body can handle during a warm-up
Risk factors for a hamstring strain
Risk factors for hamstring injury:
- Share sports: Other activities, such as sports that require sprinting or running, or dance, which require extreme stretching, can increase tendon injury.
- Anterior hamstring injury: After sustaining a tendon injury, you are more likely to have another, especially if you try to resume all activities vigorously before a serious injury before you have time to heal and rebuild your muscles.
- Little flexibility: If you have poor flexibility, your muscles may not be able to withstand the full force of action required during certain activities.
- Muscle imbalance: Although not all experts agree, some suggest that muscle imbalance can lead to tendon injuries. When the muscles in the front of the thigh, the quadriceps, are stronger and more developed than the hamstrings, the hamstrings are more likely to be injured.
Treatment of hamstring strain
Treating hamstring strain is not complicated, but it is one of the most challenging recovery cycles for anyone who enjoys an active lifestyle. Rest is the basic element that heals tendon tension. You can relax your leg at a very low cost. Even if your doctor doesn’t say it’s necessary, consider using the right-sized, comfortable crutches that allow you to move around the house and work easily without putting too much pressure on your leg. If approved by your doctor, you will be able to walk and stand comfortably as long as you do not take large steps or expect your leg to weigh more.
Ice and compression should begin as soon as possible with the use of the thigh sleeve. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and pain relievers are indicated as needed and crutches may be required initially if gait is painful. Once the pain begins to subside, patients must begin to stretch the delicate tendon. When the pain is fully resolved, gradual strengthening of the quadriceps and hamstrings begins.
Patients should resume running only when satisfactory strength is achieved. Athletes should know that recovery from a tendon injury can take several months depending on the severity. To speed up recovery, spend most of your time sitting on your toes and crawling comfortably on a pillow. When you are not doing housework, you can do it when you are at the desk at work and elsewhere, raise your leg and relax.
If the pain is severe, there are some other steps you can take. For example, ice can help reduce any painful swelling near wounds and should be applied every two hours for 20 to 30 minutes. To avoid confusion, use a cold pack or ice in a plastic bag wrapped in a towel. Compression also helps with inflammation and appears to provide additional support for sore and damaged leg muscles. When the swelling subsides, switch from ice packs to hot baths and hot towels instead of relaxing muscles and increasing healing blood flow.
Finally, if you decide to take pain relievers to help you work or sleep, be sure to stick to NSAIDs or “nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs” like Advil, Motrin, and Olive. These can help reduce both pain and inflammation, which can double your recovery process.
Recovering from a hamstring strain
It will be difficult for you to find any sports activity that has nothing to do with your legs. Run, jump, climb, spin quickly, and slide. They are all important components of sports. However, the basic muscle groups we use are important for all of these activities. And every now and then something goes wrong.
One of the most common sports injuries in almost all sports is the hamstring pull. And recovering from a tendon injury can be frustrating and difficult because the entire leg must be inactive during healing.