What is hepatitis E?
Hepatitis E is an infectious virus that attacks the liver, causing inflammation and damage. In some people, this can lead to serious problems over time. Treatment is usually simple, and most people do not need medical help to treat hepatitis E. Hepatitis E is a virus that infects your liver. It makes your liver swell.
Most people with hepatitis E recover within a few months. It generally does not cause chronic disease or liver damage like other types of hepatitis. But hepatitis E can be dangerous for pregnant women or anyone with a weakened immune system, including the elderly or infirm.
How is hepatitis E transmitted?
- People usually get hepatitis E from people who are infected with hepatitis E by drinking water or eating food contaminated with faeces.
- It is not uncommon for the disease to come directly from someone else. There is no evidence that you can get hepatitis E from having sex with someone.
- It is very rare for you to get infected with the hepatitis E virus more than once.
How can you avoid hepatitis E?
Hepatitis E is more common in developing countries in Central and Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Africa, and Central America. If you visit these countries, you can lower your chances of getting the disease if you:
- Avoid drinking water and ice that you don’t know is clean, and avoid eating uncooked shellfish.
- Avoid uncooked fruits or vegetables that you haven’t peeled or prepared yourself.
- Wash your hands after using the toilet, changing a diaper, or preparing or eating food.
- Discourage your children from putting objects in their mouths.
- Wash dishes in hot, soapy water.
- There is currently no approved vaccine for hepatitis E.
- People who have had any kind of viral hepatitis (hepatitis A, B, C, D, or E) since they were 11 years old are not allowed to donate blood.
Symptoms of Hepatitis E
You may not have any. If you have symptoms, they can start 2 to 6 weeks after infection. They may include:
- Slight fever
- You feel very tired
- Poor appetite
- Your stomach feels bad
- Throwing up
- Abdominal pain
- Dark pea
- Light coloured poop
- Skin rash or itching
- Joint pain
- Yellow skin or eyes
What are the causes of Hepatitis E?
- The hepatitis E virus occurs most often when people ingest contaminated food or drink.
- Hepatitis E is mainly transmitted through contaminated water in areas with poor quality water.
- Faecal matter from humans or farm animals can contaminate water containing the virus.
- It is more common in developing countries where water quality and control are not regulated, especially in high population areas. Therefore, travelling or living in these areas increases the risk of infection.
- Pregnant women and people with hepatitis E can also pass the virus to their baby. Apart from these cases, it is not uncommon for people to transmit hepatitis E infection to other people.
- The hepatitis E virus is transmitted through faeces. You can catch it if you drink or eat something associated with the faeces of those who have the virus. Hepatitis E is more common in some parts of the world due to hand washing and a lack of clean water. Less frequently, it occurs where water and wastewater plants kill the virus before it enters the drinking water supply.
- You can also get hepatitis E from eating undercooked meat from infected animals, such as pigs or deer. Less often, you can catch the virus from raw shellfish that come from contaminated water.
- Most cases of this disease are caused by drinking water contaminated with faeces. Living or travelling to countries with poor sanitary conditions increases your risk. This is especially true in congested areas.
- More rarely, It is spread by eating products from infected animals. It can also be transmitted through blood transfusions. An infected pregnant woman can also pass the virus to her fetus.
Diagnosis of Hepatitis E
- There is currently no officially approved test to diagnose this infection. To accurately diagnose this disease, doctors must rely on tests to identify the antibodies that fight the virus.
- They also test blood for other types of hepatitis, including hepatitis A, B, and C.
- If a person is tested for an allergy to this type of hepatitis and their body also has antibodies that fight hepatitis E, doctors can confirm that they have an infection.
- Your doctor will ask you questions about your symptoms and where you ate or travelled. If your doctor thinks you have the virus, they may do blood tests. These tests can show if your liver is inflamed and if you have antibodies to the hepatitis E virus. The presence of these antibodies in your blood proves that you are infected with the virus.
Treatment of Hepatitis E
A person must eat a healthy diet while recovering from an infection. Hepatitis does not require medical treatment and the body clears the infection without outside help. However, doctors can recommend some tips when the body is recovering from an infection.
In addition to:
- Eat a varied and balanced diet
- Drink lots of fluids, especially water.
- Chill out
- Avoid things that irritate the liver like alcohol.
- Doctors can also ask about the medications a person is taking. May cause liver damage.
- Doctors can look for actions and see if there is a way to limit or eliminate them as a person recovers from the infection. This applies to most medicines and vitamins.
- It is also important for people to see their doctor regularly as the body heals. The doctor can see any physical changes or follow the progress of treatment using blood tests to determine if the body can handle the infection.
- In some cases, doctors may prescribe medications for this infection. It is especially common in people with severe infections.
- In rare cases, a person may need hospitalization. In such cases, there may be a hepatitis E infection, which is found in people who belong to risk groups.
Prevention of Hepatitis E
Prevention of this disease is the best way to prevent infection and its complications.
- When travelling to developing countries or areas congested with dirty water, be sure to drink only purified water. The easiest way to do this is to drink bottled water at all times.
- This also applies to water consumption in these areas. Use bottled water for everything from brushing your teeth to washing fruits and vegetables to preparing food.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have noted that boiling or chlorinating water can inactivate the virus.
- Anyone who is concerned about virus infection can also avoid raw meats like a wild game like pork and venison.
- As the CDC notes, the U.S. There is no federally approved vaccine, however, China approved a vaccine for use in that country in 2012.
- It is also important to prevent the spread of the virus. While it is not uncommon for the virus to spread between people, anyone who has the virus should be careful to follow hygiene advice. For example, wash your hands with warm water after using the bathroom and before preparing food.