What is post operative physiotherapy?
Post operative physiotherapy or post-operative rehabilitation is a crucial process that includes many physical therapy sessions and exercises to help the patient recover, resume normal physical activities and improve the quality of life.
In most cases, the doctor also recommends physical therapy before surgery because it helps patients recover faster after surgery, specifically, increasing joint movements and reducing swelling after the initial injury.
Who can join the post operative physiotherapy program?
Muscle retraining is essential and very specific strengthening is often needed to achieve full recovery after surgery. Common surgeries that require post operative physiotherapy care are:
- Knee joint replacement: knee replacement (TKR, PKR), hip replacement (THR) surgeries
- Shoulder: shoulder reconstruction, shoulder fixation, rotator cuff repair, acromioplasty, manipulation, capsulotomy, fracture
- Spine (neck and back): discectomy, microdiscectomy, laminectomy, spinal fusion/fixation
- Elbow: tennis elbow release, golfers elbow release, fracture
- Wrist and hand: carpal tunnel release, fracture, tendon repair
- Knee: anterior cruciate ligament and ligament reconstruction, arthroscopy, meniscus repairs, chondroplasty, lateral release, patellar tendon transfer, fracture away from TKR
- Calf: Achilles Tendon Repair, Fasciotomy
- Ankle and foot: ankle reconstruction, ligament repair, arthroscopy, fracture, spur removal, lumpectomy
When do you need post operative rehabilitation?
Post-operative rehabilitation or post operative physiotherapy is an absolute necessity after undergoing orthopaedic, cardiac or cancer prevention surgery. In many cases, doctors also recommend physical therapy before surgery because it leads to faster recovery after surgery, increased joint mobility, and reduced swelling after the initial injury.
Post operative physiotherapy treatment
A big part of a successful outcome after surgical procedures is a good physical therapy that focuses on it:
- restore optimum mobility
- Strengthening weak and weak muscles
- Compensation for any job loss
- Restore normal movement patterns and habits
Why is post operative physiotherapy important?
Post operative physiotherapy or post-operative rehabilitation is essential for patients after undergoing surgeries related to orthopaedic, heart, cancer and other major surgeries. Using a combination of exercises, physical therapists help patients regain muscle strength and movement so that they can perform routine tasks as quickly as possible.
Physical exercises such as quadriceps groups, straight leg raise, ankle pumps, knee straightening exercises, bed supported knee bends, sit-up supported knee bends, stair climbing and descending, unsupported knee flexion sitting, etc. Joint mobility, total joint mobility and flexibility.
Advanced exercises like standing knee flexion and auxiliary knee bends are recommended to build optimum strength and functions, once the patient regains their independence for a shorter distance.
What are the benefits of post surgical rehabilitation?
Physical therapy should start immediately after surgery in the hospital, but it is important that you continue with physical therapy as soon as you are discharged from the hospital to achieve the best possible recovery. Our physical therapy team will encourage you to perform a range of exercises to strengthen and mobilize affected joints and muscles, this will also help improve circulation or respiratory problems that may have arisen in the hospital.
Other benefits include:
- Effectively manage your pain
- Help you return to activities of daily life
- Strengthening weak muscles
- Tighten muscles that may be stiff
- Help get you back to the level you were before
- Improve your posture
- Restore your independence
- Reduce any anxiety you may have and regain your confidence
- Movement exercises to improve circulation and range of motion
- Helps to clear any secretions, improve lung volume and prevent chest infections
- Advise effective positioning to increase comfort and reduce the risk of pressure sores