Overview of physiotherapy during pregnancy
Physiotherapy during pregnancy can be very beneficial in solving common complaints such as back and pelvic discomfort. Pregnancy can significantly affect your overall daily functioning and many women suffer from back and/or pelvic pain during pregnancy. Before and after childbirth, a woman’s body undergoes incredible physical and hormonal changes, and daily activities can have a significant impact on a woman’s level of discomfort.
Over the years, pregnancy-related discomfort has been accepted as a normal part of the pregnancy process, but often anything can be done about it. Almost all women experience musculoskeletal discomfort during pregnancy and 25% of pregnant women experience a temporary cessation.
Physiotherapy can help alleviate the following conditions:
- Low back pain due to the change in the mother’s center of gravity as the baby grows
- Lumbar pelvis problems
- Neck pain and headache due to changes in posture.
- Bladder leakage during pregnancy and after delivery due to pelvic floor muscles
- Stretching the abdominal walls can lead to back pain.
- Joint consciousness
- Muscle imbalance and strength
Why pregnant women should do physiotherapy
There are many physical changes in a woman’s body as a result of pregnancy. The center of mass changes, there is more pressure on the extremities and the weight to be carried increases. All of these in a relatively short period of time often lead to back pain, pelvic pain, and urinary incontinence. Physiotherapy during pregnancy greatly improves discomfort, such as back pain, and increases the body’s ability to conceive and give birth easily and gently.
Physiotherapy is not just for recovery. Consider including physiotherapy in your prenatal care. A physiotherapist can properly treat and educate pregnant women on safe and effective exercises to increase stability, physical endurance, and coordination during and after pregnancy. Here are some reasons why women should visit a physical therapist during pregnancy.
Physiotherapists work with women to help prepare their bodies for pregnancy, ensure that the body is aligned and ready to carry the baby. If your body is already compensating for previous injuries, pregnancy can increase stress and pain even more. Physiotherapy during pregnancy teaches women how to do Kegel exercises correctly, helping to strengthen the pelvic floor in preparation for childbirth.
Relax your pelvic floor muscles. Pregnancy puts a lot of pressure on a woman’s body. Physiological changes associated with pregnancy include increased body mass, fluid retention, and sensitivity to support structures. These changes lead to postural adaptations such as loading and alteration of the spine and weight-bearing joints. Pelvic pain associated with pregnancy. Core stability training with a physical therapist is one way to prevent and treat back pain during and after pregnancy.
Using their knowledge of the pelvic floor, physical therapists can help teach women during labor how to net effectively. Pushing correctly will reduce pelvic floor injury and subsequent complications. In addition to pregnancy and labor, a woman’s pelvic health is compromised. Physical therapists are specifically trained to assess the muscles, connective tissues, and nerves of the pelvic floor.
Why should pregnant women visit a physiotherapist?
Pregnant women should never ignore pain. Here’s why you should visit a physical therapist during pregnancy.
Physiotherapy can help reduce pain: Physiotherapy treatments are one of the safest and most effective ways to treat common structural pain experienced during pregnancy. This is especially recommended if you have a history of injury. Massages, heat treatments, and exercises that accompany physical therapy can treat tight muscles and tendons and help strengthen bones and joints.
Physiotherapy helps with physical changes: During pregnancy, your body is constantly changing and fast. In just nine months, Ink couldn’t think of the changes he would make, from hormones to structural changes. With the help of physical therapy, you can reduce all these changes. With the help of some important physical therapy stability training, you can cope with these changes and prepare for them.
Physiotherapy will prepare you for the big day: You can ask your physiotherapist to introduce you to the many exercises that can help you push effectively during labor. Preparing your body for this will greatly reduce the chances of a pelvic floor injury.
Pelvic floor rehabilitation: Pregnancy has a great effect on the pelvic floor. With the proper training and exercise that accompany physical therapy, you can reduce stress on your pelvic muscles, nerves, and connective tissues.
Here’s how physiotherapy treats some of the most common complaints women experience during pregnancy:
Low back pain: The most common condition experienced during pregnancy is low back pain, which increases in the third trimester due to the center of gravity shifting due to the size of the abdomen. It can be treated with manual and passive physical therapy, back support, posture education, and some Pilates exercises.
Pain in the sacroiliac joints: These joints are located in the lower part of the lower back. This pain is usually concentrated in the buttocks. During pregnancy, due to the high release of hormones, the body’s connective tissues relax, which helps the muscles to contract. This can cause the sacroiliac tendons and muscles to become more mobile, causing severe joint movements.
Urinary incontinence (due to pelvic floor weakness): Due to hormonal changes, the pelvic floor muscles relax as a compliment and are ready for delivery. Therefore, these muscles can become weak and tense during pregnancy and delivery, leading to urinary incontinence and pelvic floor dysfunction. Physiotherapists can help you with exercises that strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, and a pilot exercise program can also help reduce muscle weakness that occurs after delivery.
Sciatica: Persistent pressure or pressure on the nerves in the hip or back of the thigh causes back pain and weakness, numbness, and tingling in the leg or associated areas. Physical therapy uses stretching exercises and manual therapy to relieve these symptoms.
Carpal tunnel syndrome: Inflammation of the carpal tunnel in the wrist due to the excessive fluid formation. You may experience symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling, and tingling in your hands and fingers. Physiotherapy techniques such as mobilization, strengthening exercises, stretching, and the use of electrical techniques can help alleviate these symptoms.
Physiotherapy treatment options for pregnant women
Here are some treatment options available:
- Physical therapy to treat back pain
- Pelvic floor muscle training
- Core stability training
- Postural training programs
- Physiotherapy electrical stimulation during pregnancy
- Joint alignment programs
- Training to improve flexibility
- Massage to reduce stress and muscle tension
What can women do to prevent problems?
Compare pregnancy and postpartum to a marathon or some form of sport in which a pregnant athlete competes. Like any other athlete, we prepare before the competition to ensure that we are fit and that we can avoid injury or perform at our best.
Preparing the muscles of the lumbar, abdominal, and pelvic floor before and during pregnancy is essential for prevention and a good postpartum recovery. Physiotherapy for women’s health after pregnancy and childbirth
It is important to see a women’s health physical therapist who specializes in pregnancy and postpartum for the proper treatment and guidance to prevent and treat all of these problems.